Voici comment Trump peut payer pour le mur SANS l’approbation du Congrès


Le journal USA Today d’aujourd’hui explique comment Trump peut payer pour le mur sans l’approbation du Congrès, en utilisant les fonds des autres départements:
A week ago, the White House put out a call to federal agencies to look for “pots of money” in their existing budgets that could be cobbled together to pay for border wall construction. Immediately, Sen. John Thune, the Republican whip in the upper chamber, shot down the idea of shifting funds from executive departments to the border, saying, “I’m not a big fan of moving money.” Like it or not, there are sources of revenue in the executive branch that the president has authority to use without congressional approval.
The Department of Agriculture has about $200 billion in outstanding loans for rural development projects such as community buildings, bridges, roads, fire stations, police stations, water projects and barriers such as fencing and walls. These federal loans to local communities have low default rates that are attractive to private-sector investors because they represent large, reliable cash flows — the kind of investments that big money funds desperately desire.
About $50-100 billion worth currently held by USDA are very marketable and attractive commercial paper investments. The rights to collect the remainder of the debt on these loans could be sold to private parties who would pay a premium for such a steady stream of cash payments. The sales would give a profit cushion to the government and alleviate taxpayers from any future risk of nonpayment while retaining certain borrower guarantees.
For example, Trump could authorize the sale of $10 billion of USDA rural water loans on the secondary market, which could bring in a lump sum payment of $12 billion or more. Revenue from these proceeds could be directed to build the border wall.
Legal authority comes from many angles. Obama stimulus loans (approximately $2-$5 billion) could be separated out and used because they involved “no year” money, meaning the funds don’t expire if not spent in a certain time frame. The president could tap into USDA’s Community Facilities Programs money if recouped funds from the sale were used for new loans to cooperating communities on the border, such as in Texas.
Another option would be to utilize funds in the same way USDA undertakes in-kind swaps with private parties to the tune of hundreds of millions of dollars worth of commodities and services. This would entail swapping the proceeds of the commercial paper sales for the wall, with construction companies being the counterparties.
These are only a few creative funding avenues that could be explored, some less complicated than others. Such an aggressive approach is a sure way for Trump to regain the initiative and get the attention of lawmakers who have an interest in killing any threat to their control over spending, thus giving the president leverage in negotiations as pressure mounts to end the shutdown.
Le précédent a déjà été créé par les présidents précédents:
While the Constitution gives Congress power over the government’s purse strings, presidents of both parties have pushed the limits of their flexibility to use executive-branch funds free of congressional micromanagement. President George W. Bush was criticized for keeping billions in war spending off the books so it could be diverted to secret operations free from congressional oversight. Conservatives complained that President Barack Obama spent billions on health care without congressional authorization.

Je ne suis pas partisan du Congrès pour quoi que ce soit, mais les congrès précédents ont approuvé la construction d’un mur. Et le mur est une question de sécurité nationale, à contrôler qui traverse notre frontière sud.

Donc, si Trump peut obtenir légalement le financement nécessaire à sa construction, je suis tout à fait pour. Nous savons tous que nous avons besoin d'un mur. Et nous savons tous que la politique de parti est la seule raison pour laquelle nous ne l’avons pas encore.

Voici ce que je pense qui va arriver. En supposant que le Congrès n’intervienne pas, Trump épuisera la fermeture du gouvernement et cèdera finalement à un financement limité du mur frontalier. Il dira que le Congrès ne lui a pas laissé d'autre choix que de payer pour cela avec d'autres fonds et, comme il s'agit d'une question de sécurité nationale, il demandera à l'armée de construire le mur.

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